SPIE Spotlights

Series Editor: Robert D. Fiete

SPIE Spotlights are new eBooks featuring 20-60 pages of concise, focused, digital-only material that either summarize a broad topic or highlight a specific niche. Written for a wide audience, these peer-reviewed eBooks get straight to the point, highlighting the most important aspects of the given subject. The first Spotlight eBooks are now available.


Author(s): Todd Otanicar; Drew DeJarnette   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2256722

This Spotlight describes energy harvesting using a hybrid concentrating photovoltaic (PV) system with simultaneous thermal generation for energy storage. Several designs have been proposed to build a system that takes advantage of the entire solar spectrum through direct electric generation using concentrated light onto photovoltaics while generating thermal energy using wavelengths of light not captured by the PV cell. This eBook addresses the current technologies and state-of-the-art designs, as well as the methodologies, underlying physics, and engineering implications.

Author(s): Sarah J. Lukes   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2248542

This Spotlight introduces miniature varifocus elements and covers the optical equations needed to integrate them with microscopes. It reviews the current technological capabilities and limitations of different varifocus elements, such as deformable membrane mirrors, liquid crystal devices, liquid lenses, and vertical displacement microlenses. A discussion of varifocus elements demonstrated in widefield microscopes, confocal microscopes, two-photon microscopes, and optical coherence tomography is included. This book serves as a course module in electrical engineering and physics, while also benefiting biologists and chemists who desire deeper knowledge of this particular technology.

Author(s): Sabine Koelle; Matthias Trottmann   |   Published: 2016   |  
DOI: 10.1117/3.2248539

Using rodent and bovine subjects as models, this Spotlight focuses on the methodology and diagnostic value of three new imaging technologies to visualize the physiology and pathology of the male and female genital tract under in vivo conditions. These methods include digital videomicroscopy and probe-based laser endomicroscopy (pCLE).

Author(s): Carmen M. Ruiz; David Duché; Judikaël Le Rouzo   |   Published: 2016   |  
DOI: 10.1117/3.2244890

This Spotlight describes the methods used for the optical characterization and design of thin-film solar cells. A description of the cells under study (CdTe, CIGS, CZTS, Perovskite, and organic) is given, followed by coupling experimental and simulation studies in order to improve solar cell performances. A detailed discussion on specific optical tools (ellipsometry, photoluminescence and photoreflectance) is included, and a link between materials and measurements is made by studying the relevant physical principles. Finally, a numerical model is provided that can be used to design the structure of a thin-film solar cell.

Author(s): Dana Seyringer   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2242852

This Spotlight provides an overview of the life cycle of arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs), from design and simulation to evaluation and technological verification. The book describes the AWG design procedure by applying a new software tool. It discusses the appropriateness of different commercially available photonics tools, and their advantages and disadvantages.

Author(s): Surya P. Singh; Arja M. Kullaa   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2235415

This Spotlight presents a comprehensive review of recent developments in the field of optical spectroscopy toward an alternate method for oral cancer diagnosis. The first section of the book has details about incidence, etiology, and existing screening methods, and it ends with a short note on the limitations of current techniques, suggesting the need of...

Author(s): Raymond K. Kostuk; Jose Castro; Deming Zhang; Juan M. Russo; Shelby Vorndran   |   Published: 2016   |  
DOI: 10.1117/3.2239798

This Spotlight provides an overview of the use of holographic optical elements in a variety of solar-energy-conversion applications, such as holographic planar concentrators (HPCs), ultra-light trapping filters for thin-film PV cells...

Author(s): Duncan L. Hickman; Moira I. Smith   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2235418

Advances in computers and software tools have fueled the demand for increasingly sophisticated mathematical models and simulators. This Spotlight provides guidance for maximizing the benefits of modeling within a project as the project evolves through its lifecycle.

Author(s): Anirban Pathak; Anindita Banerjee   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2240896

This Spotlight provides a general introduction to linear and nonlinear optical components that are frequently used for implementation of protocols for quantum computation and communication. The role of each optical element is described briefly, and it is shown that these optical elements can be combined to constitute quantum circuits...

Author(s): Shanyong Chen; Shengyi Li; Yifan Dai   |   Published: 2016   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2242227

Wavefront interferometry is a standard solution when measuring optical surface error or wavefront aberrations. However, the lateral range of measurement is usually limited by the aperture of the interferometer. Subaperture stitching interferometry solves this probem by dividing the full aperture into a series of smaller, overlapping subapertures...


Author(s): Ti Zhang; Huizhong Cui   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2197936

Carbon-based nanoparticles have been actively studied and employed in the biomedical field as contrast agents in photoacoustic (PA) imaging, which is one of the novel and promising hybrid imaging modalities that combines high-optical contrast and excellent ultrasonic resolution...

Author(s): Dennis Leiner   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2235283

Miniature optical systems required for digital endoscopes present unique challenges in lens design and manufacture. This Spotlight provides a tutorial on the key optical design considerations required for video endoscope systems. The text compares different types of endoscopes and discusses their advantages and disadvantages...

Author(s):Hui Sun   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2205866

Over the last decade, the field of femtosecond eye surgery has expanded rapidly, supporting the advantage of combined high ablation precision and minimized collateral tissue effects. One of the most promising applications for femtosecond laser eye surgery has been corneal surgery, namely laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery...

Author(s): Ken Barat   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2184896

The opportunity to set up one's lab is always a great occasion. In doing so, there are items one can easily overlook. The goal of this book is to present dos and don'ts when setting up a laser lab. Often the researcher and the facilities staff do not understand each other's needs and perspective...

Author(s): Robert D. Fiete   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2184893

This book provides a tutorial on the image resolution capabilities of a camera system by examining the zoom and enhance capability portrayed in Hollywood productions. As an example, images will be captured with a consumer camera to simulate the scenario we have seen performed by crime scene investigators where they zoom in on the reflection of an eye...

Author(s): Xiang Zhu   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2225994

LADAR is a key sensing technology for the relative navigation between a debris-removing satellite and a debris. Compared to cameras and radar, LADAR provides better information about a target’s range, speed, and 3D position. Although LADAR does not need sunlight to operate, it does require more resources on mass, volume, and power (MVP) than a passive sensor.

Author(s): Gage J. Greening; Haley M. James; Timothy J. Muldoon   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2226012

This Spotlight describes the use of optical phantoms as validation tools for probe-based imaging and spectroscopy platforms. Composition of optical phantoms, including scattering and absorbing agents, is discussed in the context of their specific application. Next, requirements for designing optical phantoms for validation of small endoscopic instrumentation...

Author(s): Minghong Yang; Dongwen Lee; Yutang Dai   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2195943

In optical sensing, the most recent and important enabling technologies are based on either the longitudinal or transverse structuring of fibers. Bragg gratings are a typical example of the longitudinal structuring of fibers, while microstructured fibers [e.g., photonic crystal fibers (PCFs)] are the promising enabling technology in terms of transverse structuring of fibers...

Author(s): Elena Sokolova   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2202298

The unique properties of diffraction gratings make the optical design of diffraction spectrometers a complex problem. This Spotlight connects optical design and diffraction grating fabrication to address issues of diffraction efficiency, tolerance analysis, and optimization techniques...

Author(s): Tanmoy Bhattacharjee; Chilakapati Murali Krishna   |   Published: 2015   |   DOI: 10.1117/3.2217856

Since the discovery of inelastic scattering in 1928, scientists have developed a technique to elucidate the chemical constituents of complex samples and reveal their molecular structures. The result – Raman spectroscopy – is a forerunner in biomedical applications. This Spotlight explores the technique by way of breast cancer management...

Are you interested in writing a Spotlight? View the Calls for Authors, or submit a synopsis and your CV for review in any of the areas listed below. If you have any questions or wish to discuss your authorship, please contact SPIE Press Manager Tim Lamkins.

Editorial Board Members

  • Aerospace and Defense Technologies - Rick Kendrick, Lockheed Martin
  • Biomedical Optics and Medical Imaging - Brian Sorg, National Cancer Institute
  • Electronic Imaging and Signal Processing - Sohail Dianat, Rochester Institute of Technology
  • Energy and the Environment - Paul Lane, US Naval Research Lab
  • Optical Design and Engineering - Rich Youngworth, Riyo, LLC
  • Semiconductor, Nanotechnology, and Quantum Technology - Stefan Preble, Rochester Institute of Technology

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