Holographic Applications in Solar-Energy-Conversion Processes

Holographic Applications in Solar-Energy-Conversion Processes
Author(s):    Raymond K. Kostuk; Jose Castro; Deming Zhang; Juan M. Russo; Shelby Vorndran
Published:   2016
DOI:             10.1117/3.2239798
eISBN: 9781510602120
Description:

This Spotlight provides an overview of the use of holographic optical elements in a variety of solar-energy-conversion applications, such as holographic planar concentrators (HPCs), ultra-light trapping filters for thin-film PV cells, and a variety of spectrum-splitting filters for high-efficiency PV and hybrid energy-conversion systems. In addition to describing the applications, an overview of important hologram design, materials, and fabrication methods relevant to solar conversion are discussed.

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Solar-energy-conversion processes and, in particular, photovoltaic (PV) systems show great promise as an abundant source of renewable energy. However, to be viable and competitive with fossil fuel energy, the energy-conversion systems must produce a kilowatt-hour of energy for $0.04 to $0.05. This means that the entire system, including the balance of system and installation costs, must be less than $1/Wp, where Wp is the peak-rated power output of the system. Therefore, any new technique must provide a significant improvement in performance and must be implemented at low cost.

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