Laser Plasma Physics: Forces and the Nonlinearity Principle, Second Edition

Laser Plasma Physics: Forces and the Nonlinearity Principle, Second Edition
Author(s):    Heinrich Hora
Published:   2016
DOI:             10.1117/3.2073374
eISBN: 9781628412963  |  Print ISBN13: 9781628412956
Description:

This book is an important reference work for the field of high-intensity and high-plasma-density laser–plasma interaction. It summarizes past advances and opens insights into the future. The book covers the essentials from a single particle to dense fluids, and from computational physics to applications for fusion energy or hadron cancer therapy. In addition, it contains clear explanations of the theory of electrodynamics, laser-driven hydrodynamics, Maxwell’s stress tensor and Lorentz force, complex refractive index, and relativistic effects in plasmas. Beyond these classical aspects, the book indicates where quantum and classical theory converge.

Topics new to this edition include: an introduction to the ponderomotive potential and an overview of related phenomena, including hydrodynamic derivation of nonlinear forces; Richard Feynman and the nonlinearity principle; application of ultrahigh plasma block acceleration for electrons above GeV energy; extremely dense ion blocks for non-thermal picosecond ignition of fusion; and the very first approach to economic power generation using boron fusion with complete exclusion of nuclear radiation problems.

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It was beyond any understanding and a shocking surprise when Roland Sauerbrey (1996) measured ultrahigh acceleration of macroscopic objects having densities in the range of the solid state. These accelerations were over 10,000 times higher than ever measured before in a laboratory. His convincing measurement at laser interaction with a target was easily seen by the Doppler blue shift of spectral lines in the reflected light. Sauerbrey’s mention of this most extraordinary observation was hidden in the abstract of a long paper. Why was no exceptional attention given to this fact? One problem was that extremely high-quality lasers were needed, as discovered and clarified by Jie Zhang (1998); see the third paragraph of Chapter 8.

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