As far as the basic image engine, as many as 18 different technologies are still in
use, some dictated by the period of manufacture, all, ultimately, by suitability for
their particular application, e.g., land, sea, air, body-worn, and/or man-portable.
These technologies encompass the older varieties such as CRT, NVG thermal
sight phosphors, electromechanical (EM), and incandescent, to the more modern
such as liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS), AMOLED, and biaxial scanning mirror
microelectromechanical systems. There are also many flat-panel technologies that
have become a mainstay since the 1990s: dichroic and passive matrix liquid crystal
displays (dLCD and LCD, respectively), active matrix LCD (AMLCD), thick- and
thin-film electroluminescent (EL), plasma, inorganic and organic light-emitting
diodes (ILED and OLED, respectively), etc. It is to be noted that CRT, EM, and
incandescent technologies combined account for some 13.4% of the existing DoD
market. NVG and thermal sight phosphors represent another 16.6%. By contrast,
flat-panel technologies account for as much as 69.8% of the DoD market, with
LCDs alone being 58.2%.
This section provides a basic understanding of the many display technologies
currently used in military displays. It is important to remember that the DoD market is in constant transition, and the
various percentages are but a snapshot of the market as of our last survey.