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8 February 2017 High-refractive index polyacrylates based on quinolinone-structures for intraocular lenses
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Proceedings Volume 10045, Ophthalmic Technologies XXVII; 100451R (2017)
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Intraocular lenses (IOL) have experienced an expanding application over the last decades. Not only they can be used to cure cataract caused blindness, but they are also appointed to ease visual impairments (e.g. -18 – 10 dioptre or astigmatism).[1] These phake IOL require materials with very high refractive indices due to the limited space at the implanting position in the eye of the patient. This enables less invasive operations and such with smaller incisions.[2] Quinolinone derivates, like carbostyril, are currently known from drug design and as a main structural component of several antibiotics.[3] Although they show high refractive indices and good dispersions they have not yet been used in materials for ophthalmic applications. We synthesized and characterized novel high refractive index polymers containing quinolinones as the main refractive unit of the structure.[4] We showed that it was possible to build quinolinone polymers with high refractive indices up to 1.685 at 589 nm. Using this material it would theoretically be possible to reduce the lens thickness of an IOL to under 40 percent compared to a commercial hydrogel lens with a refractive index of 1.470. We also used the synthesized quinolinone acrylates to create hydrophobic copolymers with improved physical properties and high transmission in the visible spectral range. Besides the good lightfastness these copolymers also showed very low tendencies of glistening. In conclusion quinolinones show attractive performances for the usage as a component in acrylic copolymers. If the requirements for IOL keep rising in the coming years these monomers could be used to boost the refractive index of ophthalmic polymer compositions.
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Christian Dams, Simon Helmstetter, and Norbert Hampp "High-refractive index polyacrylates based on quinolinone-structures for intraocular lenses", Proc. SPIE 10045, Ophthalmic Technologies XXVII, 100451R (8 February 2017);

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