Using probabilities has the advantage that the probabilities can be summed over spectra for any material class to obtain a class probability. For example, the probability that the spectrum of interest is a fabric is equal to the sum of all probabilities for fabric spectra in the library. We can do the same to determine the probability for a specific type of fabric, or any level of specificity contained in our library. Probabilities not only tell us which material is most likely, the tell us how confident we can be in the material presence; a probability close to 1 indicates near certainty of the presence of a material in the given class, and a probability close to 0.5 indicates that we cannot know if the material is present at the given level of specificity. This is much more informative than a detection score from a target detection algorithm or a label from a classification algorithm.
In this paper we present results in the form of a hierarchical tree with probabilities for each node. We use Forest Radiance imagery with 159 bands.