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27 February 2018 A deep-learning based automatic pulmonary nodule detection system
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Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer worldwide. Early detection of lung cancer is a promising way to lower the risk of dying. Accurate pulmonary nodule detection in computed tomography (CT) images is crucial for early diagnosis of lung cancer. The development of computer-aided detection (CAD) system of pulmonary nodules contributes to making the CT analysis more accurate and with more efficiency. Recent studies from other groups have been focusing on lung cancer diagnosis CAD system by detecting medium to large nodules. However, to fully investigate the relevance between nodule features and cancer diagnosis, a CAD that is capable of detecting nodules with all sizes is needed. In this paper, we present a deep-learning based automatic all size pulmonary nodule detection system by cascading two artificial neural networks. We firstly use a U-net like 3D network to generate nodule candidates from CT images. Then, we use another 3D neural network to refine the locations of the nodule candidates generated from the previous subsystem. With the second sub-system, we bring the nodule candidates closer to the center of the ground truth nodule locations. We evaluate our system on a public CT dataset provided by the Lung Nodule Analysis (LUNA) 2016 grand challenge. The performance on the testing dataset shows that our system achieves 90% sensitivity with an average of 4 false positives per scan. This indicates that our system can be an aid for automatic nodule detection, which is beneficial for lung cancer diagnosis.
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Yiyuan Zhao, Liang Zhao, Zhennan Yan, Matthias Wolf, and Yiqiang Zhan "A deep-learning based automatic pulmonary nodule detection system", Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 1057537 (27 February 2018);

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