Methods: An atlas was constructed with segmented pelvis shapes containing standard reference trajectories for screw placement. A statistical shape model computed from the atlas is used for deformable registration to the patient’s preoperative CT (without segmentation). By transferring the reference trajectories and surrounding acceptance windows (i.e., volumetric corridors of acceptable device placement) from the atlas, the system automatically computes reliable Kwire and screw trajectories for guidance (overlay in fluoroscopy) and QA.
Results: A leave-one-out analysis was performed to evaluate the accuracy or registration and overlay. The registration achieved average surface registration accuracy of 1.82 ± 0.39 mm. Automatically determined trajectories conformed within acceptable cortical bone margins, maintaining 3.75 ± 0.68 mm distance from cortex in narrow bone corridors and demonstrating accurate registration and surgical trajectory definition without breaching cortex.
Conclusions: The framework proposed in this work allows for multi-atlas based automatic planning of surgical trajectory without tracker or manual segmentation. The planning information can be further used to facilitate intraoperative guidance and post-operatively quality assurance in a manner consistent with surgical workflow.