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6 July 2018 LSST M1M3 active mirror support system optimized to accommodate rapid telescope motions
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Abstract
The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope is an 8.4m telescope now in construction on Cerro Pachón, in Chile. This telescope is designed to conduct a 10-year survey of the southern sky in which it will map the entire night sky every few nights. In order to achieve this goal, the telescope mount has been designed to achieve high accelerations that will allow the system to change the observing field in just 2 seconds. These rapid slews will subject the M1M3 mirror to high inertial and changing gravitational forces that has to be actively compensated for in order to keep the mirror safe, aligned, and properly figured during operations. The LSST M1M3 active support system is composed of six “hard point” actuators and 156 pneumatic actuators. The hard points define the mirror position in the mirror cell (with little or no applied force) and hold that position while observing in order to maintain the alignment of the telescope optics. The pneumatic actuators provide the force-distributed mirror support plus a known (static) figure correction as well as dynamic optical figure optimizations coming from other components of the Active Optics System. Optimizing this mirror support system required the introduction of innovative control concepts in the control loops (Inner and Outer). The Inner Loop involves an extensive pressure control loop to ensure precise force feedback for each pneumatic actuator while the Outer Loop includes telescope motion sensors to provide the real-time feedback to compensate for the changing external inertial and gravitational forces. These optimizations allow the mirror support system to maximize the hard point force-offloading while keeping the glass safe when slewing and during seismic events.
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Felipe Daruich, Douglas Neill, Michael Warner, Edward Hileman, Myung Cho, Christoph Dribusch, Constanza Araujo, Michael Booth, Christopher Contaxis, Ron Harris, Brian Johnson, Garry Knight, Neill Mills, Gary Muller, Edward Stover, Oliver Wiecha, and Bo Xin "LSST M1M3 active mirror support system optimized to accommodate rapid telescope motions", Proc. SPIE 10700, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes VII, 107003G (6 July 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2313724
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