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13 March 2019 DCE-MRI based analysis of intratumor heterogeneity by decomposing method for prediction of HER2 status in breast cancer
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Abstract
Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) plays an important role in treatment strategy and prognosis determination in breast cancers. However, breast cancers are characterized by considerable heterogeneity both between and within tumors, which is a key impediment to accurately determine HER2 status for radiomic analysis. To this end, tumor heterogeneity was evaluated by unsupervised decomposition method on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in which three tumor subregions were generated terms as Input, Fast and Slow. This tumor decomposition was performed by a convex analysis of mixtures (CAM) method, which was designed according to analysis of contrast-enhancement patterns. The study retrospectively investigated 181 patients who underwent dynamic contrast enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) examination. Among them, 124 were HER2-negative and 57 were HER2-positive status. Imaging features of texture and histogram were computed in each subregion. Multivariate logistic regression classifiers were trained and validated with leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) method. An area under a receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated to assess performance of the classifier. The classifier based on features from Fast subregion obtained an AUC of 0.802 ± 0.067 and was significantly (P = 0.0113) outperformed the classifier based on features from the whole tumors. When the predicted values from the respective classifiers were fused by weighted average, the AUC significantly increased to 0.820 ± 0.063 (P = 0.0011). The results indicate that analysis of intratumor heterogeneity through decomposing method of DCE-MRI has the potential to serve as a marker for predicting HER2 status.
Conference Presentation
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peng Zhang, Ming Fan, Yuanzhe Li, Maosheng Xu, and Lihua Li "DCE-MRI based analysis of intratumor heterogeneity by decomposing method for prediction of HER2 status in breast cancer", Proc. SPIE 10950, Medical Imaging 2019: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 109500H (13 March 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2513102
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