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15 March 2019 3D convolution neural networks for molecular subtype prediction in glioblastoma multiforme
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Recent developments in deep learning techniques have gained significant attention in medical image analysis. Deep learning techniques have been shown to give promising results for automating various medical image tasks like segmentation of organs, precise delineation of lesions and automated disease diagnosis.We have demonstrated the utility of deep learning models for finding associations between brain imaging phenotypes and the molecular subtype. In this study Magnetic Resonance (MR) images of the brain with Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) were used. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) has grouped GBM into four distinct subtypes, namely - Mesenchymal, Neural, Proneural and Classical. The subtype classification are defined by genomic characteristics, survival outcomes, patient age and response to treatment. Identification of molecular subtype and its associated imaging phenotype could aid in developing precision medicine and personalized treatments for patients.The MR imaging data and molecular subtype information were retrospectively obtained from The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) of patients with high-grade gliomas. From the TCIA, 123 patient cases were manually identified which had the following four MR sequences- a) T1 and b) post-contrast T1-weighted (T1c), c) T2-weighted (T2), and d) T2 Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR). The MR dataset was further split into 92 and 31 cases for training and testing. The pre-processing of MR images involved skull-stripping, co-registration of MR sequences to T1c, re-sampling of MR volumes to isotropic voxels and segmentation of brain lesion. The lesions in the MR volumes were automatically segmented using a trained convolutional Neural Network (CNN) on BraTS2017 segmentation challenge dataset. From the segmentation maps 64×64×64 cube patches centered around the tumor were extracted from all the four MR sequences and a 3D convolutional neural network was trained for the molecular subtype classification. On the held-out test set, our approach achieved a classification accuracy of 90%. These results on TCIA dataset highlight the emerging role of deep learning in understanding molecular markers from non-invasive imaging phenotypes.
Conference Presentation
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Mahendra Khened, Vikas Kumar Anand, Gagan Acharya, Nameeta Shah, and Ganapathy Krishnamurthi "3D convolution neural networks for molecular subtype prediction in glioblastoma multiforme", Proc. SPIE 10954, Medical Imaging 2019: Imaging Informatics for Healthcare, Research, and Applications, 1095413 (15 March 2019);

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