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21 March 2019 Design and development of a miniaturized mechanically and magnetically-sprung electromagnetic nonlinear energy harvester
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Abstract
This paper presents a design study of a miniaturized nonlinear vibration energy harvester based on a mechanically and magnetically-sprung resonator for a low-frequency application. The resonator to be investigated consists of a moving magnet composite as a mass, which is sprung by two planar springs and two fixed ring magnets. The planar springs with spiral-like shape are respectively connected to the both ends of the magnet composite so that they can provide a linear stiffness in a compact size. Mechanical stoppers installed to constrain the deformation of the spring give the resonator hardening characteristics which effectively widen the resonance band. The magnet composite is comprised of two repelling cylindrical magnets and a steel disk between them, all encapsulated in a thin stainless steel cylinder whose outer diameter is smaller than the diameter of the ring magnets. The pole arrangement of the ring magnets is repelling so that they can suspend the magnet composite between them. This configuration of the magnets yields a local minimum in the magnetic attractive force between the magnet composite and the single ring magnet. Consequently, it can show either monostable or bistable property depending on the distance between two ring magnets. If the distance is adjusted so that the bistability emerges, it can cancel the linear stiffness of the planar springs, so that the overall bandwidth can be extended lower which is suitable for low frequency application. In this paper, the hardening effect of the proposed mechanical stopper arrangement is examined by an initial prototype of a miniaturized electromagnetic harvester designed and fabricated without ring magnets. The performance of the harvester in terms of the frequency responses demonstrates a pronounced band widening effect due to the proposed stopper arrangement.
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Feng Zhao, Yusuke Miyata, So Ushiki, and Arata Masuda "Design and development of a miniaturized mechanically and magnetically-sprung electromagnetic nonlinear energy harvester", Proc. SPIE 10967, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems XIII, 109672P (21 March 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2515208
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