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14 May 2019 Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma (Conference Presentation)
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Abstract
The increasing demand for high laser powers is placing huge demands on current laser technology. This is now reaching a limit, and to realise the existing new areas of research promised at high intensities, new cost-effective and technically feasible ways of scaling up the laser power will be required. Plasma-based laser amplifiers may represent the required breakthrough to reach powers of tens of petawatts to exawatts, because of the fundamental advantage that amplification and compression can be realised simultaneously in a plasma medium, which is also robust and resistant to damage, unlike conventional amplifying media. Raman amplification is a promising method, where a long pump pulse transfers energy to a lower frequency, short duration counter-propagating seed pulse through resonant excitation of a plasma wave that creates a transient plasma echelon, which backscatters the pump into the probe. While very efficient, this comes at the cost of noise amplification (from plasma density fluctuations) that needs to be controlled. Here we present the results of an experimental campaign where we have demonstrated chirped pulse Raman amplification (CPRA) at high intensities. We have used a frequency chirped pump pulse to limit the growth of noise amplification, while trying to maintain the amplification of the seed. In non-optimised conditions we show that indeed noise amplification can be controlled but reducing noise scattering also limits the seed amplification factor. Finally, we show that the gross efficiency is a few percent, consistent with previous measurements of CPRA obtained in capillaries with pump pulses of duration of a few hundred picoseconds.
Conference Presentation
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gregory Vieux, Silvia Cipiccia, Gregor H. Welsh, Sam R Yoffe, Matthew P. Tooley, Craig Picken, Graeme McKendrick, Felix Gaertner, Enrico Brunetti, Bengt Eliasson, Bernhard Ersfeld, MinSup Hur, John P. Farmer, Joao M. Dias, Thomas Kuehl, Alexander Pukhov, and Dino A Jaroszynski "Chirped pulse Raman amplification in plasma (Conference Presentation)", Proc. SPIE 11036, Relativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources III, 1103604 (14 May 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2522976
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