To achieve an ultrahigh resolution for soft X-ray beamlines at Taiwan Photon Source (TPS), the slope error of a highly precise grating is required on level of 0.1 μrad (rms) under thermal loading with various curvatures. On the beamline, some optics are usually operating under high power density from undulator magnet, the thermal load will introduce a thermal bump on the optics profile and degrade the beamline performance, such as energy resolution and beam size.
To realize the high resolution goal, a specially designed bender with 25 actuators for the grating is designed and a In situ long trace profiler (LTP) with precision of 0.1 μrad (rms) has been developed to measure the mirror profile in soft X-ray beamlines.
This article introduces the design and construction of in situ LTP. It can provide a feedback guideance for the adjustment of actuators of bender mechanism to achieve the optium profile. A suitable adjustment procedure from the input of in-situ LTP , performance of bender and energy spectrums are presented.
There are several benders as the active mirrors and active gratings in operation in TPS 41A resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) and TPS 45A angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) beamlines. In the meantime, three in situ LTPs have been developed to monitor the grating profile under the thermal load in the beamlines. They are providing a feedback to measure the surface figure and to find the optimal surface profile. They would increase our efficiency to reach the energy resolving power of 35,000 and 28,000 in the RIXS and ARPES beamlines, respectively.