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10 September 2019 Correction of phase wrapping artifacts in grating-based hard x-ray tomography
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X-ray grating interferometry (XGI) is a phase-contrast imaging technique that allows for a quantitative measurement of the refractive index with high density resolution in a model-independent manner—i.e. without a priori knowledge of the specimen composition. However, the retrieval of the X-ray wavefront phase shift relies on the accurate measurement of the interference pattern phase shift, making XGI vulnerable to phase wrapping when the interference pattern phase shift, related to the derivative of the wavefront phase shift, is large. Standard procedure for avoiding phase wrapping involves submerging the specimen in a water bath to reduce the mismatch of the index of refraction at the boundaries, but this requires a top-down rotation stage and is susceptible to gas bubble formation inside the water bath. Our team has presented an algorithm to remove phase wrapping artifacts for cylindrically shaped specimens that is applied to the phase-retrieved sinogram. This algorithm models and replaces phase-wrapped data to prevent the spread of “cupping” artifacts due to the integration of the differential phase during reconstruction. We give a criterion for selecting the modeling parameters so that the resulting measurement of the index of refraction matches the results of measurements without phase wrapping. We also apply this technique to cases where phase wrapping occurs at multiple interfaces. This algorithm allows for XGI measurements without a water bath and top-down rotation stage at synchrotron and laboratory facilities, especially as sensitivity increases.
Conference Presentation
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Griffin Rodgers, Georg Schulz, Hans Deyhle, Shashidhara Marathe, Christos Bikis, Bert Müller, and Timm Weitkamp "Correction of phase wrapping artifacts in grating-based hard x-ray tomography", Proc. SPIE 11113, Developments in X-Ray Tomography XII, 1111308 (10 September 2019);

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