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9 September 2019 The NASA OBPG 2020 on-orbit calibration of SNPP VIIRS for ocean color applications
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Abstract
The NASA Ocean Biology Processing Group (OBPG) has continued monitoring the SNPP VIIRS on-orbit calibration for bands M1-M11 over its mission to optimize the calibration for ocean color applications. The OBPG has recently implemented several changes to the calibration scheme: using solar-derived f-factors to detrend the lunar observations; using long-term exponentials of time as basis vectors (along with libration angles) for radiometric fits to any resulting lunar temporal drifts; deriving gain adjustments to the solar f-factors from these exponentials; and deriving gain adjustments due to modulated RSRs outside of the solar/lunar calibration using TOA reference spectra. These calibration changes minimize the impact of uncertainties in any one component of the calibration on the derived f-factors. The final f-factors incorporate VIIRS solar diffuser measurements, h-factor BRDF corrections, lunar-derived gains, and modulated RSR gains. The combined BRDF corrections, lunar gain adjustments, and mRSR gain adjustments define effective h-factors for each band. The improvements in the on-orbit calibration are validated by evaluation of globally-derived anomaly plots of remote sensing reflectance for the ocean color bands. The ultimate goal of the OBPG calibration effort is incorporation of a consistent SNPP VIIRS ocean color data set into the NASA multi-mission ocean color climate data record.
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Robert E. Eplee Jr., Gerhard Meister, Frederick S. Patt, Kevin R. Turpie, Sean W. Bailey, and Bryan A. Franz "The NASA OBPG 2020 on-orbit calibration of SNPP VIIRS for ocean color applications", Proc. SPIE 11127, Earth Observing Systems XXIV, 111271A (9 September 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2528769
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