In order to establish a spatial health respiratory risk model for Quito, Ecuador, an empirical model was computed considering data between 2013 and 2017, using the median data values in each parish of the city. The variables are: i) 46 Landsat-8 satellite images with less than 10% of cloud cover and some indexes (normalized difference vegetation index NDVI, Soil-adjusted Vegetation Index SAVI, etc.); ii) air quality data (nitrogen dioxide - NO2, Ozone - O3, particulate matter less than 2.5μ - PM2.5 and sulfur dioxide - SO2) obtained from local air quality network stations and; iii) the hospital discharge rates from chronic respiratory diseases (CRD). In order to establish a probability model to get a CRD, a logistic regression was used. The empirical model is expressed as the probability of occurrence during the studied time. All the procedures were implemented in R Studio. The methodology proposed in this work can be used by health and governmental entities to access the risk of getting a respiratory disease, considering an application of remote sensing in the environmental and health management programs.
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