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19 September 2019 Multimodal object detection using unsupervised transfer learning and adaptation techniques
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Deep neural networks achieve state-of-the-art performance on object detection tasks with RGB data. However, there are many advantages of detection using multi-modal imagery for defence and security operations. For example, the IR modality offers persistent surveillance and is essential in poor lighting conditions and 24hr operation. It is, therefore, crucial to create an object detection system which can use IR imagery. Collecting and labelling large volumes of thermal imagery is incredibly expensive and time-consuming. Consequently, we propose to mobilise labelled RGB data to achieve detection in the IR modality. In this paper, we present a method for multi-modal object detection using unsupervised transfer learning and adaptation techniques. We train faster RCNN on RGB imagery and test with a thermal imager. The images contain object classes; people and land vehicles and represent real-life scenes which include clutter and occlusions. We improve the baseline F1-score by up to 20% through training with an additional loss function, which reduces the difference between RGB and IR feature maps. This work shows that unsupervised modality adaptation is possible, and we have the opportunity to maximise the use of labelled RGB imagery for detection in multiple modalities. The novelty of this work includes; the use of the IR imagery, modality adaption from RGB to IR for object detection and the ability to use real-life imagery in uncontrolled environments. The practical impact of this work to the defence and security community is an increase in performance and the saving of time and money in data collection and annotation.
Conference Presentation
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Rachael Abbott, Neil Robertson, Jesus Martinez del Rincon, and Barry Connor "Multimodal object detection using unsupervised transfer learning and adaptation techniques", Proc. SPIE 11169, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Defense Applications, 1116907 (19 September 2019);

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