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26 February 2020 Heterodyne detection for the measurement of electro-optical frequency combs generated with a silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator
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Proceedings Volume 11285, Silicon Photonics XV; 1128516 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2543962
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2020, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Optical frequency combs (OFCs) are involved in a large diversity of applications such as metrology, telecommunication or spectroscopy. Different techniques have been explored during the last years for their generation. Using an electrooptical modulator (EOM), it is possible to generate a fully tunable OFC for which the optical repetition rate is set by the frequency of the applied electrical radio frequency (RF) signal. In order to realize on-chip OFC generators, silicon photonics is a well-suited technology, benefiting from large scale fabrication facilities and the possibility to integrate the electronics with the EOM. However, observing OFCs with a repetition rate lower than 10 GHz can be challenging since such spacings are smaller than the typical resolution of grating-based optical spectrum analyzers. To overcome this issue, two alternative solutions based on heterodyne detection techniques are used to image the OFC on the electrical RF domain. The first technique consists in applying two frequencies close to each other simultaneously on the modulator, and observing the beating between the resulting two combs. Another method consists in observing the beating between the OFC and the input laser, once the frequency of this input laser has been shifted from the center of the OFC by means of an acousto-optic modulator. Based on both measurement techniques, OFCs containing more than 10 lines spaced with repetition rates from 100 MHz to 15 GHz have been observed. They are generated using a 4-mm long silicon depletionbased traveling-wave Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) operating at a wavelength of 1550 nm.
Conference Presentation
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Lucas Deniel, Erwan Weckenmann, Diego Pérez-Galacho, Laurent Bramerie, Charles Baudot, Margaux Barbier, Mathilde Gay, Frédéric Boeuf, Laurent Vivien, Christophe Peucheret, and Delphine Marris-Morini "Heterodyne detection for the measurement of electro-optical frequency combs generated with a silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator", Proc. SPIE 11285, Silicon Photonics XV, 1128516 (26 February 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2543962
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