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31 January 2020 Frequency offset estimation algorithm for a multi-subcarrier coherent fiber optical system
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We introduce a new technique for obtaining the frequency offset introduced at the receiver due to the heterodyning of the transmitter laser and the local oscillator. This technique is needed for multi-subcarrier systems, as the offset must be removed without knowledge of the modulation format, making well-known algorithms that correct using it impractical. By detecting the spectral edges for the transmitted and received signals, it is possible to get a coarse estimate of the intermediate frequency by finding the difference between these two values. We then use this approximation as a starting point to fine search for the true value, by taking a window of possible values around the approximation. By taking the cross-correlation between the received data and a subset of the transmitted data for the subcarriers, we can verify whether the correct value is chosen, and if not, move on to the next estimate.
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Ryan Ramdial, Xiaojun Liang, Shiva Kumar, John D. Downie, and William A. Wood "Frequency offset estimation algorithm for a multi-subcarrier coherent fiber optical system", Proc. SPIE 11309, Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems IX, 113090K (31 January 2020);

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