The sensing of chiral molecules is important for chemical, pharmaceutical, and medical applications. The determination of the relative concentration of the two molecular mirror versions (enantiomers) in a given mixture is of particular importance for several reasons, in particular because the two enantiomers can have very different biological effects. This task can be achieved by circular dichroism (CD), the normalized difference between the absorption of incident left- and right-handed circularly polarized light. The molecular CD signal is typically weak, and many different kinds of nanostructures have been proposed for enhancing it. Most of them provide local enhancements only in electromagnetically small near-field regions attached to the material structures, resulting in vanishing total enhancements when experimentally meaningful analyte volumes are considered. In this talk, I will present the design of a cavity composed of two parallel arrays of silicon disks that allows to enhance the total CD signal by more than two orders of magnitude for a given molecule concentration and given thickness of the cell containing the molecules. I will show that the underlying principle is helicity-preserving first-order diffraction into helicity-preserving modes with large transverse momentum and long lifetimes. In sharp contrast, in a conventional Fabry-Perot cavity, each reflection flips the handedness of light, leading to large intensity enhancements inside the cavity, yet to smaller CD signals than without the cavity.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither SPIE nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the SPIE website.