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30 March 2020 On 3D imaging systems based on scattered ionizing radiation
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The use of scattered radiation for tomographic reconstruction continues to be a current challenge for designing future imaging systems. In the energy range of X and gamma rays used for biomedical imaging and non- destructive evaluation, Compton scattering is the predominant effect. The one-to-one correspondence between angle and energy of scattered radiation allows the exploitation of the energy information for reconstruction and consequently the emergence of modalities of Compton Scattering Tomography (CST). For two-dimensional systems, the modelling of the imaging processes leads to new Radon transform on circular arcs according to the geometry of the modality. In this context, a new modality, named Circular Compton Scattering Tomography (CCST) has been proposed recently. This system is made of a fixed source and a ring of detectors passing through the source. The purpose of this work is to extend this modality to three dimensions. Two geometries will be proposed in this study: the first one is made of a fixed source and fixed detectors placed on a sphere passing through the source and the second one considers detectors placed on a cylinder, containing also the fixed source. These three-dimensional setups conserve the assets of CCST which include the ability of a faster scanning compared to existing systems, the convenience for small object scanning, having a fixed system (avoiding mechanical rotation) and the compactness compared to planar configurations. The modelling of image acquisition in these new cases leads to Radon transforms on spindle tori resulting of the revolution of a circle along the axis Source-Detector. Numerical simulations are carried out in this work and show the theoretical feasibility of these systems.
Conference Presentation
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Cécilia Tarpau, Javier Cebeiro, Mai K. Nguyen, Geneviève Rollet, and Laurent Dumas "On 3D imaging systems based on scattered ionizing radiation", Proc. SPIE 11351, Unconventional Optical Imaging II, 1135107 (30 March 2020);

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