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1 April 2020 Geometric-phase grating as an optical vortex generator and detector
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Abstract
Optical vortices are promising for increasing the bandwidth of optical communications by encoding information in the topological charge. For this purpose, it is essential to develop efficient and compact systems for generating and detecting vortex beams of different topological charges. We present the design and the theoretical and experimental analysis of a 2D liquid-crystal geometric-phase diffraction grating based on the optimal triplicator profile. The grating generates an array of 3x3 equi-energetic optical vortices of different integer topological charges and with the maximum theoretical diffraction efficiency. The performance of this grating as a vortex detector is demonstrated by illuminating it with vortex beams of different topological charges. In a recent work we mathematically proved a π/2 phase shift between the zero and the two lateral first diffraction orders generated by the optimal triplicator design. Here, we show the implications that this factor has in the polarization of the diffraction orders when the optimal triplicator is encoded as a geometric-phase element.
Conference Presentation
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
David Marco, María M. Sánchez-López, Aarón Cofré, Asticio Vargas, and Ignacio Moreno "Geometric-phase grating as an optical vortex generator and detector", Proc. SPIE 11354, Optical Sensing and Detection VI, 1135430 (1 April 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2565547
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