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10 April 2020 Investigation of the polarization state in spin-VCSELs with thermally tuned birefringence
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Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are commonly used in optical data communication mainly for short-haul transmissions in data centers. Spin-VCSELs can be a promising solution in order to overcome the bandwidth limitations of conventional VCSELs by utilizing the spin and polarization instead of current and intensity. Recently, their polarization dynamics have been enhanced to resonance frequencies of more than 200 GHz by implementing a large amount of birefringence into the laser cavity. For future applications onchip solutions to control the birefringence are preferred. For this purpose, a keyhole-shaped mesa-structure on standard wafer material for an 850nm oxide-confined AlGaAs-VCSEL is used. A variable heating current is driven into the semiconductor ridge connected to the mesa at a constant pump current. This creates an asymmetrical heat gradient. Here we investigate the polarization behaviour in a spin-VCSEL with thermally induced birefringence. We analyze the hysteresis in the heating and pump current of the sample to identify optimized working points near the polarization switching points.
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Natalie Jung, Markus Lindemann, Pascal Stadler, Tobias Pusch, Rainer Michalzik, Martin R. Hofmann, and Nils C. Gerhardt "Investigation of the polarization state in spin-VCSELs with thermally tuned birefringence", Proc. SPIE 11356, Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IX, 113560M (10 April 2020);

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