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22 April 2020 Biologically inspired design for environment
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Abstract
Design for Environment (DfE or ecodesign) aims at developing products with an enhanced environmental performance, without compromising functionality and other key requirements (such as cost and quality). Common DfE guidelines for product design include: reduction of material diversity, extension of useful life (e.g., by enabling repair and upgrade), avoidance of toxic materials and nonrenewable resources, use of recycled components, and ease of disassembly and recyclability after the end of useful life. DfE requires the integration of environmental considerations into the traditional design processes, supporting decisions that could enhance the environmental profile of the product. Biologicallyinspired- design (BID) teams identify and isolate the core principles of relevance for systems, products, and processes from the bioworld for consideration and possible incorporation during each of the design stages. Synergies and potential trade-offs existing between DfE and BID must be considered when integrating the two methodologies into Biologically Inspired Design for Environment for the design of products and systems.
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Torben A. Lenau, Daniela C. A. Pigosso, Tim C. McAloone, and Akhlesh Lakhtakia "Biologically inspired design for environment", Proc. SPIE 11374, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication X, 113740E (22 April 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2558498
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