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20 May 2020 CNN to detect differences in cerebral cortical anatomy of left- and right- handers
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Handedness is one of the most obvious functional asymmetries, but its relation to anatomical asymmetry in the brain has not yet been clearly demonstrated. However, there is no significant evidence to prove or disprove this structure-function correlation, thus left-handed patients are often excluded from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. MRI classification of left and right hemispheres is a difficult task on its own due to the complexity of the images and the structural similarities between the two halves. We demonstrate a deep artificial neural network approach in connection with a detailed preprocessing pipeline for the classification of lateralization in T1-weighted MR images of the human brain. Preprocessing includes bias field correction and registration on the MNI template. Our classifier is a convolutional neural network (CNN) that was trained on 287 images. Each image was duplicated and mirrored on the mid-sagittal plane. The best model reached an accuracy of 97.594% with a mean of 95.42% and standard deviation of 1.37%. Additionally, our model’s performance was evaluated on an independent set of 118 images and reached a classification accuracy of 97%. In a larger study we tested the model on grey-matter images of 927 left and 927 right-handed patients from the UK Biobank. Here all right-handed images and all left-handed images were classified as belonging to one class. The results suggest that there is no structural difference in grey-matter between the two hemispheres that can be distinguished by the deep learning classifier.
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Lisa Meyer-Baese, Erik Roecher, Lucas Moesch, Danilo Bzdok, and Klaus Mathiak "CNN to detect differences in cerebral cortical anatomy of left- and right- handers", Proc. SPIE 11401, Real-Time Image Processing and Deep Learning 2020, 1140108 (20 May 2020);

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