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22 August 2020 Realising high-dimensional quantum secret sharing with structured photons
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Abstract
Quantum secret sharing (QSS) is a cryptographic multiparty communication technique in which a secret is divided and shared among N parties and then securely reconstructed by (N-1) cooperating parties, making it perfect for storing and sharing highly sensitive data. Challenges in high dimensional state preparation, transformation and detection, the key steps of any QSS protocol, have so far hindered experimental realisation. Here, by taking advantage of the high-dimensional encoding space accessible by a photon's orbital angular momentum, we present a toolbox for realising practical high-dimensional single photon QSS schemes that are easily scalable in both dimension and number of participants. Our implementations realised a new record in both the number of participants (N=10) and the dimensionality (d=11), with the latter facilitating the transfer of 2.89 bits of information per photon. This work is an important step towards securely distributing information across a network of nodes.
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Michael de Oliveira, Jonathan Pinnell, Isaac Nape, Najmeh TabeBordbar, and Andrew Forbes "Realising high-dimensional quantum secret sharing with structured photons", Proc. SPIE 11507, Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging XVIII, 1150709 (22 August 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2566516
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