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23 September 2020 Minimal learning machine in hyperspectral imaging classification
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Abstract
A hyperspectral (HS) image is typically a stack of frames, where each frame represents the intensity of a different wavelength of light. Each spatial pixel has a spectrum. In the classification of the HS image, each spectrum is classified pixel-by-pixel. In some of the real-time applications, the amount of the HS image data causes performance challenges. Those issues relate to the platforms (e.g. drones) payload restrictions, the issues of the available energy and to the complexity of the machine learning models. In this study, we introduce the minimal learning machine (MLM) as a computationally cheap training and classification machine learning method for the hyperspectral imaging classification. MLM is a distance-based method that utilizes mapping between input and and output distances. Input distance is a distance between the training set and its subset R. Output distance is corresponding distances between the label values of the training set and the subset R. We propose a training point selection framework, which reduces the number of data points in the R by selecting the points class-by-class, in the direction of the principal components of each class. We test MLM’s performance against four other classification machine learning methods: Random Forest, Artificial Neural Network, Support Vector Machine and Nearest Neighbours classifier with three known hyper- spectral data sets. As the main outcomes, we will show how the performance is affected by the size of the subset R. We compare our subset selection method MLM’s performance to the random selection MLM’s perfor- mance. Results show that MLM is an computationally efficient way to train large training sets. MLM reduces the complexity of the analysis and provides computational benefits against other models. Proposed framework offers tools that can improve the MLM’s classification time and the accuracy rate compared to the MLM with randomly picked training points.
Conference Presentation
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Anna-Maria Hakola and Ilkka Pölönen "Minimal learning machine in hyperspectral imaging classification", Proc. SPIE 11533, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXVI, 115330R (23 September 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2573578
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