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1 December 1990 Optically nonlinear polymeric switches and modulators
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Abstract
Side chain polyrrers containing hyperpolarizable noieties as the periant groups have been applied as optically ncrilinear traterials to produce polyxreric integrat1 electro-optical devices . Phase nixiulators, intisity nixiulators (1ch-Zebzx1er interferaiters) aixi optical 2*2 sce switches ( 2*2 directixa1 nixie couplers) have been uncle . Driving voltages as 1ci as 2 Volts (V ) have been obtain1 for a 24 nm active 1gth çkmse ncdulator; 4.4 Volts (V ) for a 14 inn active 1angthch-Zebrx1er interferarter, ath 9 Volts for a 14 nm active length directionI node ccupler. Intisity nixiulation ratios of about -23 dB atti -17 dB have been derived for the intensity nixiulator atd nixie ccxipling switch, respectively. The device properties , theni.l arxi electrical stabilities , etc. will be discussed. The results obtained shcw that optically txnlinear polyiTers are attractive caixlidates for the realizaticzi of polyireric integrated electro-optical devices. In additicn, several passive veguiding devices have beai nnde.
© (1990) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gustaaf R. Moehlmann, Winfried H. G. Horsthuis, Alaster Mc. Donach, J. M. Copeland, Christian Duchet, Pascal Fabre, Mart B. J. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, Frank M.M. Suyten, E. van Tomme, P. Baqauero, and Peter Van Daele "Optically nonlinear polymeric switches and modulators", Proc. SPIE 1337, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials III, (1 December 1990); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.22925
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