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9 July 1991 Implementing early visual processing in analog VLSI: light adaptation
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A circuit which emulates the functioning of cone photoreceptors in the vertebrate retina has been designed and tested. Cone photoreceptors exhibit a local adaptation to background illumination over many orders of magnitude while retaining a high degree of instantaneous contrast sensitivity. This behavior permits visual discrimination of objects against difficult lighting situations such as bright backgrounds. This effort includes an examination of the trade-offs in various photodetection techniques available to the designer in silicon. Photodetection is followed by separate filter and gain stages which provide the appropriate temporal behavior. The filters and gain are independently tunable to permit extensions in operation to those environments which may fall outside the capability of human vision. The circuit also includes a UV writable floating gate which uses a locally generated error signal to provide cancellation of circuit offsets due to process variability.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
James Mann "Implementing early visual processing in analog VLSI: light adaptation", Proc. SPIE 1473, Visual Information Processing: From Neurons to Chips, (9 July 1991);

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