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21 September 1992 Dual-band infrared polarization measurements of sun glint from the sea surface
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Abstract
This paper presents a sea radiance polarization model and experimental measurements of near- horizon sea glint polarization in the 3 - 5 micrometers and 8 - 12 micrometers spectral bands. The experimental measurements include the effects of polarization on the glint statistics, the degree of linear polarization and the polarization signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) improvement factor for both spectral bands in the presence of sea glint. The results indicate that the polarization in the 3 - 5 micrometers spectral band is dominated by the reflected solar and sky radiance and is polarized in the s plane. The polarization of intense sea glint in the 8 - 12 micrometers region is low and s polarized due to the weak solar spectrum in this band. In little or no glint, the radiation is weakly p polarized. Experimental data indicate that a polarizing filter can produce a significantly larger SNR improvement for the 3 - 5 micrometers spectral band than for the 8 - 12 micrometers band. Theoretical calculations using the polarization model show good agreement with the experimental data.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dennis J. Gregoris, Simon K.W. Yu, Alfred W. Cooper, and Edmund A. Milne "Dual-band infrared polarization measurements of sun glint from the sea surface", Proc. SPIE 1687, Characterization, Propagation, and Simulation of Sources and Backgrounds II, (21 September 1992); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.137866
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