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14 January 1993 Electro-optic effect in gelatin-based nonlinear polymer
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Photo lime gel has become increasingly important because of its potential for use in integrated holographic elements. However, it has been a passive optical component. An electro-optic modulator with nitrophenol and gelatin has been constructed and demonstrated for the first time. The transmission spectrum of nitrophenol/gelatin shows an ultrawide optical bandwidth, from 340 nm to 2800 nm. A relatively stable and large electro-optic effect, (gamma) 33 equals 10 - 40 pm/V, was observed at 632.8 nm. This result indicates that both passive and active integrated optical devices can be fabricated onto the same polymer thin film to form a fully polymer-based miniature integrated optical circuit.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Z.Z. Ho, Ray T. Chen, B. Borhani, and Robert Shih "Electro-optic effect in gelatin-based nonlinear polymer", Proc. SPIE 1774, Nonconducting Photopolymers and Applications, (14 January 1993);

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