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13 September 1994 Delay line microchannel plate detectors for the far-ultraviolet spectroscopic explorer satellite
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Delay line detectors have been chosen for the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer1 mission to be launched in 2000. The demands of the FUSE detectors include large format (220mm x 10mm format), high spatial resolution (15im x 35im FWHM) and linearity, high image stability, low power consumption and weight, and counting rates in excess of 3 x i0 events sec1. The FUSE program builds on the previous work, which includes two delay line detectors (95mm x 27mm double delay line format) that have already been successfully employed in the ORFEUSASTROSPAS2 ultraviolet spectrometer launched by shuttle in September 1993. We present the plans for the FUSE detector program, and results from double delay line (DDL) detectors that are under investigation to meet the requirements of the FUSE program. Our current detector achieves 15im x 25p,m FWHM (<4000 x 500 resolution elements) over the 65 x 15mm format used for the FUSE demonstration detector (90% of the flight detector segment format length), with good linearity (±1 resolution element) and high stability. State of the art analog to digital converter (ADC), gated integrator, and digital signal processor (DSP) technology have been employed to develop novel event position encoding electronics with high count rate capability (<5 x104 events sec). Microchannel plates with pores and an 80: 1 pore length to diameter ratio, with a 70mm x 20mm format have been used in a Z stack configuration to provide the photon amplification (gain 2 x 10). These show good pulse height distributions (<35% FWHM) even with uniform flood illumination, and background levels typical for this configuration (<1 event cm 2 sec 1). Flat field images are dominated by the microchannel plate fixed pattern noise due to the multifiber boundaries, and are stable. High efficiency photocathodes, such as KBr have been extensively studied, and provide quantum detection efficiencies of 40-50% in the 900 - 1200A range for FUSE.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Mark A. Gummin, Joseph M. Stock, Daniel R. Marsh, Timothy Sasseen, Richard Raffanti, and Jeffrey S. Hull "Delay line microchannel plate detectors for the far-ultraviolet spectroscopic explorer satellite", Proc. SPIE 2209, Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, (13 September 1994);


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