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9 June 1994 SAR image-formation algorithm that compensates for the spatially variant effects of antenna motion
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Abstract
A synthetic aperture radar (SAR) obtains azimuth resolution by combining data from a number of points along a specified path. Uncompensated antenna motion that deviates significantly from the desired path produces spatially-variant errors in the output image. The algorithm presented in this paper corrects many of these motion-related errors. In this respect, it is similar to time-domain convolution, but it is more computationally efficient. The algorithm uses overlapped subapertures in a three- step image-formation process: course-resolution azimuth processing, fine-resolution range processing, and fine-resolution azimuth processing. Range migration is corrected after the first stage, based on coarse azimuth position. Prior to the final azimuth-compression step, data coordinates are determined to fine resolution in range and coarse resolution in azimuth. This coordinate information is combined with measured motion data to generate a phase correction that removes spatially-variant errors. The algorithm is well-suited for real-time applications, particularly where large flight-path deviations must be tolerated.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bryan L. Burns and J. Thomas Cordaro "SAR image-formation algorithm that compensates for the spatially variant effects of antenna motion", Proc. SPIE 2230, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery, (9 June 1994); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.177178
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