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2 August 1995 Rotational potential of a chiral molecule around its long molecular axis in the Sc* phase of 4-(2'-methylbutyl)-4'-n-octylbiphenyl-4-carboxylate
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Proceedings Volume 2372, Liquid Crystals: Materials Science and Applications; (1995) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.215545
Event: Liquid Crystals: Materials Science and Applications, 1994, Zakopane, Poland
Abstract
Chiral 4-(2'-methylbutyl)-phenyl-4'-octylbiphenyl-4-carboxylate (CE8) has been studied by dielectric, densitometric, refractometric, and x-ray measurements. On the basis of these measurements the effective value of the molecular dipole moment ((mu) ), the angle between the vector of the molecular dipole moment and the long axis of molecule ((gamma) ) as well as the transverse ((alpha) t) and longitudinal ((alpha) 1) molecular polarizabilities have been calculated. In addition the sign and the magnitude of spontaneous polarization (Ps), the tilt angle ((Theta) ), and the helical pitch (gamma) have been measured for the same liquid crystal CE8. Knowing the molecular parameters (mu) , (gamma) , (alpha) t, (alpha) 1, and (Theta) from the experiment and the molecular structure from computer investigation, the spontaneous polarization Ps has been calculated as the vector sum of the components of molecular dipole moments (mu) perpendicular to the tilt direction. To do it the rotational potential given by B. Zeks has been used. According to this approximation, the measured spontaneous polarization Ps is induced by hindered rotation of the molecules around their long axes and is expressed by molecular parameters (mu) , (gamma) , (alpha) t, (alpha) 1, tilt angle (Theta) and the hindered rotation parameter (eta) . The hindered rotation parameter for CE8 shows that dipolar ordering in this smectic C* phase is rather weak in comparison to the strong orientational order of long molecular axes of the same phase.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Zbigniew Raszewski, Jolanta Rutkowska, Jerzy Kedzierski, Pawel Perkowski, Wiktor Piecek, Jerzy Zielinski, Jozef Zmija, and Roman S. Dabrowski "Rotational potential of a chiral molecule around its long molecular axis in the Sc* phase of 4-(2'-methylbutyl)-4'-n-octylbiphenyl-4-carboxylate", Proc. SPIE 2372, Liquid Crystals: Materials Science and Applications, (2 August 1995); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.215545
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