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8 May 1995 Continued development of a helicopter rotor model employing smart trailing-edge flaps for vibration suppression
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Abstract
The continued development of a Froude-Scale helicopter rotor model featuring a trailing-edge flap driven by piezoceramic bimorph actuators for active vibration suppression is discussed. Block force and stroke of the current actuators are evaluated using two theories and compared with experimental results. Dynamic performance of the actuator as well as the actuator-flap assembly are examined. Earlier hover tests have shown severe degradation in flap deflections with increasing rotor speed, and flap deflections were too small to be effectively utilized for significant vibration control. To investigate the causes of the performance degradation, new blades are constructed and tested in-vacuo to isolate the effects of centrifugal loading on the actuator-flap system. A beam model of the piezo bimorph including propeller moment effects is formulated to better illustrate the physical mechanisms affecting the system in a rotating environment. The cause of the reduced deflections is traced to frictional forces created at the junction where the flap is supported during rotation of the blades. The use of a thrust bearing was found to alleviate this problem and subsequent tests on a hover stand showed a dramatic increase in flap detection at high excitation frequencies.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Oren Ben-Zeev and Inderjit Chopra "Continued development of a helicopter rotor model employing smart trailing-edge flaps for vibration suppression", Proc. SPIE 2443, Smart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (8 May 1995); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.208248
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