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30 June 1995 4D flight guidance displays: an approach to flight safety enhancement
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The pilot's achievement of situation awareness (SA) remains a challenge for cockpit designers. Various mainly technology driven solutions were suggested to improve SA. Another approach is the integration of data and the presentation of predictive data. This approach was pursued by the development of a perspective, pictorial display format for transport aircraft. The 4D- Display and the accompanying Navigation-Display greatly enhance pilots' awareness regarding their situation relative to terrain, obstacles, aircraft in the vicinity and virtual elements. Since most of the information is contained in a graphical way, it can intuitively be seized by the observer. Especially in phases of high workload, the highly pre-processed information and its redundant and predictive presentation will significantly contribute to pilots' situation awareness. The displays were integrated into a fixed based flight simulator. Experiments with airline pilots showed that the perspective symbology reduced the pilot's workload and at the same time, improved the tracking of the demanded flight path. In order to provide the required graphics processing power for complex pictorial displays VDO-L develops a high performance symbol generator which meets the demands of prospective applications. The multi-processor system has been designed for modular avionics architectures and it provides full 2D and 3D capabilities.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christian Below, Harro von Viebahn, and Matthias Hammer "4D flight guidance displays: an approach to flight safety enhancement", Proc. SPIE 2463, Synthetic Vision for Vehicle Guidance and Control, (30 June 1995);

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