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20 June 1995 Phenomenology considerations for hyperspectral mine detection
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The use of hyperspectral visible and infrared sensors is being explored under an ARPA program to provide a means for the detection of buried mines. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the status of the phenomenology of the detection of buried mines using hyperspectral IR detection mechanisms. Both spectral and temperature phenomena related to buried mines will be investigated in the paper. Concepts using the midwave IR (3 to 5 micrometers ), the longwave IR (8 to 12 micrometers ) and the reflection IR (from 1.1 to 2.5 micrometers ) are emphasized in this current effort, although the full IR and visible spectra is considered. Thermally dominated IR is emphasized because of the desire for day/night operation. The program is initially focusing on nonimaging spectrometer measurements of top layers of soil and subsoil, to determine the presence of spectral differences that can be an indicator of mine placement. These spectrometer measurements will be followed by measurements with hyperspectral imaging sensors. While many broad measurements have been made in the MWIR and LWIR, few measurements have been made with an imaging spectrometer. The ARPA/University of Hawaii Spatially Modulated Imaging Fourier Tranform Spectrometer (SMIFTS) can provide such data in the 1.1 to 5.0 micrometers band and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Livermore Imaging Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (LIFTIRS) will cover the 8-12 micrometers region. The sensors will be deployed in the field from an elevated platform to acquire data in support of both the phenomenology verification and the development of algorithms.
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A. Trent DePersia, Anu P. Bowman, Paul G. Lucey, and Edwin M. Winter "Phenomenology considerations for hyperspectral mine detection", Proc. SPIE 2496, Detection Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets, (20 June 1995);

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