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15 December 1995 Modeling for atmospheric background radiance structures
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Abstract
Atmospheric infrared radiance fluctuations result from fluctuations in the density of atmospheric species, individual molecular state populations, and kinetic temperatures and pressures along the sensor line of sight (LOS). The SHARC-4 program models the atmospheric background radiance fluctuations. It predicts a two dimensional radiance spatial covariance function from the underlying 3D atmospheric structures. The radiance statistics are non-stationary and are dependent on bandpass, sensor location and field of view (FOV). In the upper atmosphere non-equilibrium effects are important. Fluctuations in kinetic temperature can result in correlated or anti-correlated fluctuations in vibrational state temperatures. The model accounts for these effects and predicts spatial covariance functions for molecular state number densities and vibrational temperatures. SHARC predicts the non-equilibrium dependence of molecular state number density fluctuations on kinetic temperature and density fluctuations, and calculates mean LOS radiances and radiance derivatives. The modeling capabilities are illustrated with sample predictions of MSX like experiments with MSX sensor bandpasses, sensor locations and FOV. The model can be applied for all altitudes and arbitrary sensor FOV including nadir and limb viewing.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John H. Gruninger, Robert L. Sundberg, James W. Duff, James H. Brown, Ramesh D. Sharma, and Robert D. Sears "Modeling for atmospheric background radiance structures", Proc. SPIE 2580, Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, (15 December 1995); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.228471
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