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25 April 1997 Partial-volume effect on marker localization in medical density images
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Registration of medical images to each other and to physical space for the purposes of surgical planning and surgical navigation can be accomplished using externally attached fiducial markers. The accuracy of fiducial localization, that is, the accuracy of estimating the position of the marker's centroid, is extremely important because marker- based registration accuracy is proportional to localization accuracy. The traditional method of calculating the marker centroid using intensity weighting contains a serious logic flaw. This paper introduces a novel and efficient method for correcting this flaw. Theoretical analysis, computer simulation, and analysis of clinical images demonstrate the importance of this correction.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Matthew Yang Wang, Calvin R. Maurer Jr., and J. Michael Fitzpatrick "Partial-volume effect on marker localization in medical density images", Proc. SPIE 3034, Medical Imaging 1997: Image Processing, (25 April 1997);

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