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7 July 1997 Environmentally stable chemically amplified positive resist containing vinyllactam terpolymers
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In this paper we report here on lithographic performance of high resolution, environmentally stable and aqueous base developable positive tone resist for DUV lithography. There have been a lot of efforts to prevent the resist from suffering from the deactivation of acid during the delay time between exposure and post exposure bake (PEB). The new design of matrix resin containing amide functional group has advantages over current lithographic techniques. The effects of amide functional group as a basic additive in a chemically amplified resist was investigated. A new class of matrix resin containing amide functional group, poly(hydroxystyrene-co-t- butyl acrylate-co-3-(t-butoxycarbonyl)-1-vinyl-2-caprolactam), was developed. It showed 0.20 micrometer lines/spaces patterns of this resist using KrF excimer stepper (NA 0.55, partial coherence factor 0.55) with an exposure dose of 25 mJ/cm2. This resist showed no change of pattern profile after 2 hours post exposure delay in which ammonia concentration is 5 ppb. 3-(t-butoxycarbonyl)-1-vinyl-2-caprolatam (BCVC) unit as a basic additive can not only solve amine contamination effectively, but also improve the resolution of the resist. BCVC unit reduces the diffusion of acid and it results in sharp contrast at the interface between the exposed and unexposed areas. Therefore, adding BCVC unit in matrix resin leads to the stabilization of the pattern profile and higher resolution.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Cheol-Kyu Bok, Cha-Won Koh, Min-Ho Jung, Ki-Ho Baik, Jin-Baek Kim, and Jong-Ho Cheong "Environmentally stable chemically amplified positive resist containing vinyllactam terpolymers", Proc. SPIE 3049, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XIV, (7 July 1997);

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