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23 September 1997 Aerosol production in the surf zone and effects on IR extinction
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Abstract
Aerosol concentrations over the surf were measured during the EOPACE (Electro-Optical Propagation Assessment in Coastal Environment) Surf-i experiment in La Jolla, California. Particle size distributions were measured on the beach (at three levels) and across the surf (one level). Concentrations of droplets smaller than i im in diameter are little affected by the surf, while those with diameters in the 1-10 im range increase by up to two orders of magnitude. Clear vertical gradients were observed, which vary with particle size. No relation could be established between the surf production and wind speed or wave properties. Extinction coefficients at visible and infrared wavelengths calculated from the particle size distributions show that these are enhanced by a factor of 30 to 100, depending on the wavelength. Using the measured concentrations as boundary condition, calculations with a simple dispersion model show the gradual decrease in the concentration with fetch in off-shore winds. In on-shore winds the surf-enhanced aerosol concentration is effective over only a short range, but nevertheless significant transmission losses may occur. Obviously, these conclusions apply only to the surf encountered during this specific experiment. The effects of the surf in other areas and other ambient conditions will be assessed from the analysis of data collected at a different location and in different conditions.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gerrit de Leeuw, Filip P. Neele, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Elizabetta Vignati, Martin K. Hill, and Michael H. Smith "Aerosol production in the surf zone and effects on IR extinction", Proc. SPIE 3125, Propagation and Imaging through the Atmosphere, (23 September 1997); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.279023
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