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9 October 1997 Comparison of conventional molecularly doped polymeric photoreceptors and novel liquid-crystalline systems: charge injection and charge transport
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Abstract
Charge-carrier transport and charge-carrier injection in mono-layers and two-layer photoreceptors with both "conventional", i. e., molecularly doped polymeric (MDP) transport layers and novel liquid-crystalline (LC) transport systems have been investigated by time-of-flight (TOF) experiments. As compared to the MDP materials, the LC model compounds showed a considerable potential towards high-speed xerographic application due to a charge-carrier mobility as high as 0,1 cm2/V s for the hexa(hexyltho)triphenylene (HHTT). In two-layer systems with MDP CTL, the formation of a sharp and well-defined interface between CGL and TL is impossible, a bulky intermediate layer is inevitable due to the wet-coating process. This results in a delayed charge-carrier injection due to space-charge effects originating from the intermediate layer. Two-layer systems with a LC CTL allow to investigate two novel aspects: (i) Since preparation of a LC CU is feasible in a solvent-free process, the formation of an ideal, i.e., sharp interface between CU and CGL is possible. Hence, charge-carrier injection from a well-defined interface can be studied. The results can be explained (i) by taking into account the different extrinsic charge-generation mechanisms for azo pigments (Azo) and phthalocyanine pigments and (ii) the different HOMO levels of Azo and phthalocyanine as compared to the HOMO-level of HHTT (ii) Due to the high charge carrier mobility, the LC CU is a "fast enough probe" to monitor time resolved injection phenomena.
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Dieter Adam, Horst Swienty, Heinz Pinsler, Manfred Lutz, Jens Bondkowski, Ingo Bleyl, and Dietrich Haarer "Comparison of conventional molecularly doped polymeric photoreceptors and novel liquid-crystalline systems: charge injection and charge transport", Proc. SPIE 3144, Xerographic Photoreceptors and Organic Photorefractive Materials II, (9 October 1997); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.290245
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