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6 March 1998 VIRO 3D: fast three-dimensional full-body scanning for humans and other living objects
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Proceedings Volume 3313, Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications; (1998) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.302457
Event: Photonics West '98 Electronic Imaging, 1998, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
The development of a family of partial and whole body scanners provides a complete technology for fully three-dimensional and contact-free scans on human bodies or other living objects within seconds. This paper gives insight into the design and the functional principles of the whole body scanner VIRO 3D operating on the basis of the laser split-beam method. The arrangement of up to 24 camera/laser combinations, thus dividing the area into different camera fields and an all- around sensor configuration travelling in vertical direction allow the complete 360-degree-scan of an object within 6 - 20 seconds. Due to a special calibration process the different sensors are matched and the measured data are combined. Up to 10 million 3D measuring points with a resolution of approximately 1 mm are processed in all coordinate axes to generate a 3D model. By means of high-performance processors in combination with real-time image processing chips the image data from almost any number of sensors can be recorded and evaluated synchronously in video real-time. VIRO 3D scanning systems have already been successfully implemented in various applications and will open up new perspectives in different other fields, ranging from industry, orthopaedic medicine, plastic surgery to art and photography.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Norbert Stein and Bernhard Minge "VIRO 3D: fast three-dimensional full-body scanning for humans and other living objects", Proc. SPIE 3313, Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications, (6 March 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.302457
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