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1 December 1998 Thresholds for femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in bulk transparent solids and water
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Abstract
We present thresholds for optical breakdown in bulk transparent solids and water with 10-fs laser pulses. In solids, we used microscopy and scattering techniques to determine thresholds for plasma formation and permanent damage in a wide variety of materials. Transmission measurements show that damage occurs at energies where there is little absorption of the laser pulse. In water, we used scattering and acoustic techniques to measure the breakdown threshold for 100-fs pulses. In contrast to solids, transmission measurements in water indicate that there is no plasma or bubble formation unless there is significant absorption. For comparison, we also measured breakdown thresholds for 200-ps pulses.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christopher B. Schaffer, Nozomi Nishimura, and Eric Mazur "Thresholds for femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in bulk transparent solids and water", Proc. SPIE 3451, Time Structure of X-Ray Sources and Its Applications, (1 December 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.331836
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