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21 December 1998 SeaWiFS measurements of the moon
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Abstract
Measurements of the lunar surface in the visible and near infrared wavelength regions provide a new and intriguing method of determining changes in the sensitivities of Earth observing radiometers. Lunar measurements are part of the calibration strategy for the instruments in the Earth Observing System (EOS) and part of the calibration strategy for the Sea Viewing Wide Field of View Sensor (SeaWiFS). SeaWiFS was launched on August 1, 1997. The first SeaWiFS images of the Earth were taken on September 4, 1997, and the first lunar measurements were made on November 14, 1997. We describe the results from the initial nine lunar measurements by SeaWiFS, extending to July 10, 1998. The time series for the lunar images show changes in the sensitivities of SeaWiFS bands one through five (412 to 555 nm) to be very small over the eight month interval. For band 6 (670 nm), the decrease in sensitivity over seven months is 1/2%. For bands 7 and 8 (765 and 865 nm), the decreases are 11/2% and 5% respectively. These changes, with reduced scatter in the results, are also found in the band ratios. The instrument changes can be seen in the SeaWiFS data products. Using the lunar time series, plus data from diffuser and ocean surface measurements, a time-dependent correction for the changes in the sensitivities of bands 6, 7, and 8 has been applied in the SeaWiFS data processing algorithm.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert A. Barnes, Robert E. Eplee Jr., and Frederick S. Patt "SeaWiFS measurements of the moon", Proc. SPIE 3498, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites II, (21 December 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.333645
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