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21 May 1999 Back-projection spiral scan region-of-interest cone beam CT
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We present a spiral scan cone beam reconstruction algorithm in which image reconstruction proceeds via backprojection in the object space. In principle the algorithm can reconstruct sectional ROI in a long object. The approach is a generalization of the cone beam backprojection technique developed by Kudo and Saito in two aspects: the resource- demanding normalization step in the Kudo and Saito's algorithm is eliminated through the technique of data combination which we published earlier, and the elimination of the restriction that the detector be big enough to capture the entire image of the ROI. Restricting the projection data to the appropriate angular range required by data combination can be accomplished by a masking process. The mask consists of a top curve and a bottom curve formed by projecting the spiral turn above and the turn below from the current source position. Because of the simplification resulting from the elimination of the normalization step, the most time-consuming operations of the algorithm can be approximated by the efficient step of line-by-line ramp filtering the cone beam image in the direction of the scan path, plus a correction term. The correction term is needed because data combination is not properly matched at the mask boundary when ramp filtering is involved. This correction term to the mask boundary effect can be computed exactly. The results of testing the algorithm on simulated phantoms are presented.
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Kwok C. Tam, B. Ladendorf, Frank Sauer, Guenter Lauritsch, and Andreas Steinmetz "Back-projection spiral scan region-of-interest cone beam CT", Proc. SPIE 3661, Medical Imaging 1999: Image Processing, (21 May 1999);

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