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13 August 1999 Analysis of a 1D HRR moving target ATR
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This paper presents the performance of a multi-class, template-based, system-oriented High Range Resolution (HRR) Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithm for ground moving targets. The HRR classifier assumes a target aspect estimate derived from the exploitation of moving target indication (MTI) mode target tracking to reduce the template search space. The impact of the MTI tracker target aspect estimate accuracy on the performance and robustness of the HRR ATR is investigated. Next, both individual and hybrid MTI/HRR and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) model-based ATR algorithm results are presented. The hybrid ATR under consideration assumes the coordination of a multimode sensor to provide classification or continuous tracking of targets in a move- stop-move scenario. That is, a high-value moving target is tracked using the GMTI mode and its heading estimated. As the indicated target stops, the last GMTI tracker update is used to aid the SAR mode ATR target acquisition and classification. As the target begins to move again, the MTI-assisted HRR ATR target identification estimates are fused with the previous SAR ATR classification. The hybrid MTI/SAR/HRR ATR decision- level fusion provides a method for robust classification and/or continuous tracking of targets in move-stop-move cycles. Lastly, the baseline HRR ATR performance is compared to a QuickSAR (short dwell or non-square pixel SAR) ATR algorithm for varying cross-range resolutions.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert L. Williams, John J. Westerkamp, David C. Gross, Adrian P. Palomino, Thomas Kaufman, and Thomas Fister "Analysis of a 1D HRR moving target ATR", Proc. SPIE 3721, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery VI, (13 August 1999);

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