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16 November 1999 Laterally graded multilayer double-monochromator
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Abstract
We describe a tunable multilayer monochromator with an adjustable bandpass to be used for reflectivity and grazing incidence diffraction studies on surfaces at energies near 10 keV. Multilayers have a bandpass typically 100 times larger than the Si(111) reflection, and by using multilayers an experimenter can significantly increase data collection rates over those available with a Si monochromator. The transmission through 1 and 2 laterally graded multilayer (LGML) reflections was recorded versus photon energy. The identical LGMLs were comprised of 60 bilayers of W and C on 100 X 25 X 3 mm float glass with a bilayer spacing varying from 35 to 60 angstrom. The average gradient was 0.27 angstrom/mm along the long dimension. The rms deviation of the data for the bilayer spacing from a linear fit was 0.36 angstrom. Data were obtained for a nondispersive (plus or minus) double-multilayer arrangement. The relative bandpass width (FWHM) when the two multilayers exposed the same bilayer spacing was measured to be 2.2% with a transmission of 78.7 plus or minus 1.6%. This value is consistent with the transmission of 88.9% that we also measured for a single LGML at HASYLAB beamline D4. The bandpass was tunable in the range 1.1% to 2.2%.
© (1999) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Albert T. Macrander, Jens Als-Nielsen, Chian Liu, S. Felix Krasnicki, Jozef Maj, Derrick C. Mancini, Jenny Erdmann, and P. Gaarde "Laterally graded multilayer double-monochromator", Proc. SPIE 3773, X-Ray Optics Design, Performance, and Applications, (16 November 1999); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.370084
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