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20 April 2000 Development of smart systems for building structures
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Building Research Institute, Japanese Ministry of Construction, initiated a 5-year research and development project of 'Smart Materials and Structural Systems' in 1998 as a part of U.S.-Japan cooperative research efforts. The U.S. Counterpart is the National Science Foundation. Smart Structural Systems (also called as Autoadaptive Media) are defined as systems that can automatically adjust structural characteristics, in response to the change in external disturbance and environments, toward structural safety and serviceability as well as the extension of structural service life. The research and development of (1) concept and performance evaluation of smart structure system, (2) sensing of structure performance, and (3) development and evaluation of structural elements using smart materials will be conducted.
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Shunsuke Otani, Hisahiro Hiraishi, Mitsumasa Midorikawa, Masaomi Teshigawara, Hideo Fujitani, and Taiki Saito "Development of smart systems for building structures", Proc. SPIE 3988, Smart Structures and Materials 2000: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures, and Highways, (20 April 2000);

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